The "Land of Upright Men" is a passage between the Sahel and the desert, the West Africa and Central Africa, although much more like its Western neighbors. Very close to Mali by its geography and history is also a country without access to the sea or ocean.
Burkina Faso, formerly part of the Mossi kingdom of Ouagadougou, who disappeared in front of the settlement in 1896 despite his resistance. It will integrate the large colony of Upper Volta (later re-divided between Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger) in 1947. In 1958, she became the Republic of Franco-African and gained independence in 1960.
Its history has been marked by several regimes, rule of law and state of emergency.
One of the most memorable periods was the revolution of Thomas Sankara, who took power in 1983 by a coup. He changed the name of the country: "Upper Volta" becomes "Burkina Faso", and began a policy against corruption and enfranchisement of the people of Burkina Faso in trying to improve education, agriculture and the status of women. On the anti-imperialist direction, he ran to the feudal system and the traditional middle class. Despite criticism about its abuses and those of its Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (CDR), it remains a model for part of the African youth and a benchmark for revolutionary spirit and change.
He died during a coup in 1991, which saw the arrival in power of Blaise Compaore.
Politics and Economy
The current president is Blaise Compaore, who seized power in 1987 in favor of a coup tale Thomas Sankara. Since 1991, a multi-party system has adopted a constitution establishing democratic elections. The introduction of five-year presidential term renewable only once the next president will be applied.
The country is divided into 13 regions (Dédougou Banfora Ouagadougou, Tendokogo, Kaya, Koudougou, Manga, Fada N'Gourma, Bobo Dioulasso, Ouahigouya Ziniaré, Dori and Gaoua). The decentralization policy has risen sharply since the year 1998.
Burkina is a country where growing urban population lives mainly small services.
Despite strong historical and geographical constraints, agriculture accounted for 32% of the exploitation of natural resources (lots of farming and the cultivation of cotton mainly, but also a lot of Food Production: sorghum, millet, maize, rice, groundnut, ...), employing 80% of the population. The next mineral resources (such as gold, iron, copper or zinc).
Geography and Climate
With a territory of 274,200 km2 and with many neighbors - Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire and Mali - Burkina Faso is a country of water, with three major basins: the Volta, Comoé and Niger. Even if only two streams are permanent: the Comoé and Volta Black (or Black Volta).
Although not on the Niger, it provides many tributaries.
Burkina also benefits from the presence of multiple pools or ponds, although the lack of water remains a problem in this country.
It is a country relatively flat, except towards the west, approaching from Mali with whom he shares part of Dogon country, and towards the cliff with Bobo Dioulasso Banfora.
Its climate is Sudano-Sahelian with two distinct seasons. The tourist season is included in the period between October and March soft: after the rains start in June but before the hot weather in April.
Peoples: languages and religions
The name of the country is crossed by two different languages: "Burkina" in Moore means "includes" and "Faso" in Bambara means "homeland", hence its nickname, Land of Upright Men.
The number of peoples and ethnic groups in Burkina Faso is the number of languages or dialects charged.
Thus the official language is French, then the major languages are Moore, Dioula, Fulfulde Gulmancema and, among the 60 still in use.
We can name most of the people, in alphabetical order:
Bissa, Dioula, Gourounsi (or Nun), Lobi, Mossi Fulani, Senufo, ...
In these ethnic groups, religions are divided with 50% of Islam, more than 40% of animism, and 10% of Christianity with a Catholic majority.
Cultures and Traditions
All these cultures have developed the arts in all fields:
The peoples each have different crafts. Some ethnic arts to reserve these castes (such as blacksmiths) or families, while others allow everyone to produce handicrafts.
Related to lifestyles and beliefs, they are all forms in a variety of materials: wood, stone, clay, fabric, leather, metals, semi-precious stones, fiber basketry ...
They are objects of beauty and decoration, or take a mystique for sacrifices, invocations of gods or magic.
One of the best ways to discover the craft of Burkina Faso is to attend the festival in Ouagadougou SIAO.
The main festivals to report:
- FESPACO (Panafrican Festival of Cinema and Television Festival of Ouagadougou) takes place every two years to the month of February. International, distributes many films of all categories and from all competitions with some. It gives rise to numerous art exhibitions in the capital.
- The SIAO (International Handicrafts Fair of Ouagadougou), is also biennial. It is the largest center for the promotion of African crafts.
- Other festivals: puppets, jazz, theater, griots (Yeleen) are held annually across the country.
The different tribes of Burjkina are characterized by some typical architecture: as the Senufo and Lobi. One of the curiosities of the country is the city of Tiébélé.
Millet, sorghum and beans are staple foods, of course with rice, to accompany stews.
The most typical dish is the te: dough made from flour of millet, maize or sorghum with a sauce.
The national drink is dolo (millet beer).
In Burkina Faso, customized trips
Beyond travel on this site, the customized travel offers another opportunity for those who prefer to leave the family, with a small group of friends who want to choose their departure date and duration of their trip.
Feel free to contact us, our expertise and our ideas are to serve your wishes.
Circuits Burkina F.
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